Malaysia Construction Services (MSC) has been in the construction industry and built environment since 2009, and we have served construction companies in various disciplines as well as providing professional services to design consultants with highly specialized design, reports as well as literature that formed part of the design philosophy.

Apart from spearheading highly specialized designs, MSC is taking another leap forward by providing some basic notes on Professional Engineer (PE) interview and  Professional Engineer with Practicing Certificate (PEPC) examination. Our sincere contribution is part of our Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) scheme to virtually assist freshly graduates and young engineers to achieve their goal as professional engineer. This is a tribute to all senior engineers who assisted us through our journey and hopefully this legacy will continue to aspire future generation in seeking for knowledge more than personal wealth.

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  • Piles – Part 3. Vertical (Tension) Bored Pile Piles (deep foundation) are normally designed to distribute load(s) from superstructure and its burden, stress and loading to ground in order to maintain its state of equilibrium which retains its stability through fixity with minimal or acceptable settlement that may not be detrimental to the structure. In such state of design, piles are designed to be in constant state of compression if there is no consideration on lateral force which may induce moment for rotation and/or shear off pile at the plastic hinge point. That is how piles are typically designed.2. Nevertheless, in certain cases, piles are not designed to be under constant compression but to perform under tension and it is called tension pile. Such application ...
    Posted Sep 15, 2021, 6:52 AM by jeffery jim
  • Stormwater Drainage: A Runoff Conveyance System Design Another inquiry was made today in regards to stormwater drainage design and its conveyance system. In the previous short note on drainage, I spoke briefly about stormwater drainage and its function. Let us recap on the previous short note where the drainage system that we usually have are meant to mitigate risk coming from flash flood and hence, design usually considers a period of 180 minutes.2. To many people, drainage system looks like the easiest part of civil engineering and most of the time this particular branch of engineering is taken for granted. In actual fact, drainage and its conveyance system is not as easy as most think especially when it involves large development or in town planning for ...
    Posted Sep 10, 2021, 4:51 AM by jeffery jim
  • Site Investigation - Elementary or Supplementary to Pile Design? In previous short note on pile application and positioning, the main concern about piling and the effect on nearby properties, we have seen literature point to no specific values when it comes to safe distance for piling point from triggering damages to properties. All literature prescribe this to be tackled during site investigation and most of the time, this issue is often overseen or remain negligible to many designers.2. Many structural engineers and contractors usually oblige with the cost envelope indicated or dictated for a project. In many cases, site investigation is a process which is deemed as supplementary to many as it only provides geologist's recommendation for pile type or furnish engineer with time and depth of ...
    Posted Sep 8, 2021, 8:33 AM by jeffery jim
  • Piles - Part 2. Application and Positioning Piles as we have learned previously is an engineering application which involves loads and stresses propagation from structure to substructure and subsequently to the ground. Today, an inquiry was made in regards to the safe distance of piling works to the nearest building.It is a simple question but it is rather complex to be precise and can cause serious engineering, legal and economic implications if it is done the wrong way. As known to many, adjacent properties mainly structures can settle or crack and most of the time vibration is the main culprit. I would like to highlight that vibration is not the main concern as I will discuss in thematic paragraphs.2. We often get a lot of ...
    Posted Sep 7, 2021, 6:29 AM by jeffery jim
  • Piles - Part 1. Introduction A request came in this afternoon from a friend and also a fellow consulting engineer to discuss about piles and geotechnic application. The inquiry is quite complicated and I will divide this question into parts so that there is continuity in this discussion which involves a very long article and revolves around various literature. Therefore, I will start with introduction to those who are quite new or not so familiar with piles and deep foundation.2. Pile is generally a design option involving deep foundation and comes in various types, shapes and dimensions. There is no single pile system which is superior than the rest. Like most engineers, one have to consider design requirements as well as financial limits. Engineering ...
    Posted Sep 6, 2021, 8:14 AM by jeffery jim
  • Unsuitable Material for Earthwork in Road Construction Understanding unsuitable material is important as it is the prerequisite for works involving soil bearing or strength. I am fond about this issue as one of my friends who stuck in IT department for Pan Borneo project finally got a job as a Pan Borneo project engineer because he answered this accurately during his interview. Hence, it is a very important topic when it comes to road construction. 2. In most constructions, the criteria is rarely obliged or ignorantly overseen and thus, lead to poor subgrade formation in most road projects. Most civil engineers know how to differentiate good soil and unsuitable to a certain degree. Most understood that soil should be free from filth, peat, log, roots and other ...
    Posted Sep 6, 2021, 8:13 AM by jeffery jim
  • Bigger Drain - Good Against Flood? Many simpletons have this idea of mitigating flood but flood was never in the plan when it comes to best management practices or BMP in stormwater management. The key issue and derivation of design is based on practices to avoid flash flood from occurring which may cause property and life loss.2. In order to understand how drains and other hydraulic structures are designed to accomodate the Stormwater Management Manual or Manual Saliran Mesra Alam or MSMA, one have to understand the main objective of stormwater management itself. The main objective is to mitigate sudden torrential runoff and rise of water level within 3 hours of heavy precipitation and expecting the runoff to recede within 6 hours.3. The hydrograph ...
    Posted Sep 6, 2021, 8:11 AM by jeffery jim
  • Road Construction: Why road get damaged? My dad forwarded photos, a video and comments in our family group about a road which is badly damaged. Just like everyone else, there is certainly a genuine concern about safety as road users. Although my dad is not a civil engineer, he have some good ideas and reasoning which may deem valid to justify possible causes that triggers defects if not aggravating the road in a long run.2. Construction of road is relatively easy by principle and concept where the thickness of each material can be calculated easily based on the CBR value for subgrade which essentially be the value for load bearing capacity. Another parameter which is vital would be the traffic volume in order to ensure ...
    Posted Sep 6, 2021, 8:10 AM by jeffery jim
  • Is it debris flow? A friend of mine showed me an article by Prof Emeritus Dr. Ibrahim Komoo in one English newspaper and I found the original article as attached below. In the English article, it was mentioned that the event at Mount Jerai is considered as debris flow where as in the Malay article, it was not mentioned as so. Earlier, I told my friend that I am not in agreement with Prof Emeritus with the terminology of debris flow to describe that catastrophe. The issue here is the technicality behind the rheology and mechanics which differentiate debris flow and other terminologies. What happened at Mount Jerai is actually debris flood.Prof Emeritus explained things in the simplest form and the mechanics and ...
    Posted Sep 6, 2021, 8:07 AM by jeffery jim
  • Kampung Kopungit Landslide: A Simple Desktop Study It is a mellow and rainy afternoon. It is pretty much a good time to have a good read but then, I came across an update about landslide at Kampung Kopungit, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah. I did a study similar geotechnical reconnaissance work previously but it is on a large structure belong to Telekom Malaysia.2. Kopungit hill is a known to many Kota Kinabalu residents as an exciting hill which provide easy tracking where the trail is rather friendly and also challenging. Geologically, this hill a mix of a few types of topography - swamp at the foot of the hill and surrounded by moderate and high hills with slope of more than 25 degree. This village is home to many ...
    Posted Sep 6, 2021, 8:05 AM by jeffery jim
Showing posts 1 - 10 of 116. View more »

PEPC Exam - General Paper Notes

  • Sabah Enactments and Ordinances SABAH ENACTMENTSCountry Land Utilization Ordinance 1962Cultural Heritage (Conservation) Enactment 1997Drainage and Irrigation Ordinance 1956Environment Protection Enactment 2002Forest (Constitution of Forest Reserves and Amendment) Enactment 1984Highway OrdinanceHousing and Town Development Authority Enactment 1981Housing Development (Control and Licensing) Enactment 1978Land (Subsidiary Title) Enactment 1972Land Acquisition OrdinanceLocal Government Ordinance 1961Mineral Enactment 1999Mining Ordinance 1960Park Enactment 1984Park and Harbour Enactment 2002Public Health Ordinance 1960Railway OrdinanceSabah Land Development Board Enactment 1981Town and Country Planning OrdinanceWildlife Conservation Enactment 1997Under Local Government Ordinance 1961The Kota Kinabalu Municipal Council (Earthworks) By-Laws 1987The Kota Kinabalu Municipal Council (Planting) By-Laws 1982Kota Kinabalu Municipal Council ...
    Posted Jun 16, 2018, 7:08 PM by jeffery jim
  • Juridicial Acts ACT 56 Evidence Act 1950 An Act to define the law of evidence.ACT 67 Civil Law Act 1956 An Act relating to the civil law to be administered in Malaysia.ACT 88 Official Secrets Act 1972 An Act to revise and consolidate the law relating to the protection of official secrets.ACT 91 Courts of Judicature Act 1964 An act relating to the superior Courts of Judicature.ACT 92 Subordinate Courts Act 1948 An Act relating to the inferior courts in Peninsular Malaysia.Section 1(2) This Act shall not apply to Sabah and Sarawak.ACT 345 Criminal Justice Act 1953* An Act relating to penal servitude, methods of imprisonment and whipping; and for purposes connected therewith. Section 1 ...
    Posted Jun 16, 2018, 7:06 PM by jeffery jim
  • Employment and Management Act ACT 4 Employees’ Social Security Act 1969 An Act to provide social security in certain contingencies and to make provision for certain other matters in relation to it. ACT 53 Income Tax Act 1967 An Act for the imposition of income tax.ACT 62 Audit Act 1957 An Act to make provision for the audit of the accounts of the Federation, of the States and of certain the authorities and specified bodies.ACT 64 Sales Tax Act 1972 An Act to make provision for the charging, levying and collecting of sales tax.ACT 135 Partnership Act 1961 An Act relating to partnership.ACT 155 Immigration Act 1959/63 An Act relating to immigration. *This Act applies throughout Malaysia subject to ...
    Posted Jun 16, 2018, 7:06 PM by jeffery jim
  • Supplementary Acts ACT 117 Architects Act 1967 An Act to provide for the registration of architects, sole proprietorships, partnerships and bodies corporate providing architectural consultancy services, interior designers and building draughtsmen and matters connected therewith.ACT 120 Government Contracts Act 1949 An Act for the making of contracts on behalf of the Government, and the Governments of the States, and for matters connected therewith.ACT 129 Geological Survey Act 1974 An Act to regulate and control geological surveys, to establish geological archives and to provide for matters incidental thereto.ACT 136 Contracts Act 1950 An Act relating to contracts.ACT 207 Explosive Act 1957 An Act relating to the manufacture, use, sale, storage, transport, import and export of explosives.ACT 231 Highway ...
    Posted Jun 16, 2018, 7:04 PM by jeffery jim
  • Acts related to other engineering ACT 341 Fire Services Act 1988An Act to make necessary provision for the effective and efficient functioning of the Fire and Rescue Department, for the protection of persons and property from fire risks and for purposes connected therewith. Section 1(2) This Act shall come into operation on a date to be appointed by the Minister by notification in the Gazette; and different dates may be appointed for the coming into operation of this Act, or of different provisions of this Act, in Peninsular Malaysia, Sabah and Sarawak respectively.ACT 447 Electricity Supply Act 1990An Act to provide for the regulation of the electricity supply industry, the supply of electricity at reasonable prices, the licensing of any electrical ...
    Posted Jun 16, 2018, 7:03 PM by jeffery jim
Showing posts 1 - 5 of 20. View more »

PEPC Exam - Civil Engineering Paper Notes

  • Theory of Structure - Questions Most of the time, some of the basics or fundamentals in regard to theory of structure will be tested and gauged in both objective and subjective paper. For objective paper, most of the questions require you to demonstrate understanding and solve simple equations and key concepts. As for key concept, it is always about the likely shape of a diagram or a graph correspond to the question. Usually objective paper requires an efficiency of answering each question in 2.5 minutes. Hence, all possible questions are those questions which require around 5 minutes without proper training or skill.The following paper is the subjective paper. If theory structure is one of the main questions, it evolves around a few other ...
    Posted Jul 24, 2019, 9:41 AM by jeffery jim
  • BS1377 Methods of Test for Soils for Civil Engineering Purposes BS1277: 1990 consist of 9 Parts: Part 1: General requirements and sample preparation; Part 2: Classification tests; Part 3: Chemical and electro-chemical tests; Part 4: Compaction-related tests; Part 5: Compressibility, permeability and durability tests; Part 6: Consolidation and permeability tests in hydraulic cells and with pore pressure measurement; Part 7: Shear strength tests (total stress); Part 8: Shear strength tests (effective stress); Part 9: In-situ tests.   3.1.1 Part 1. General requirements and sample preparation Part 1 of this standard contains general information relating to the tests, common calibration and specification requirements and general requirements for testing laboratories and field work. It also includes details of procedures for the preparation of disturbed and undisturbed samples, where ...
    Posted Jun 16, 2018, 8:07 PM by jeffery jim
  • UBBL Part 5 - Structural Requirements The followings are comments for structural requirements as per Part 5 of the UBBL versus in-place British Standards.Part 5 By-law 53: Building materialsParagraph (1) Any material used –(a) In the erection of a building;(b) In the structural alteration or extension of a building;(c) In the execution of works of the installation of fittings, being works or fittings to which any provision of these By-laws applies or (d) For the backfilling of any excavation on a site in connection with any building or works or fittings to which any provision of these By-laws applies shall be(aa) of a suitable nature and quality in relation to the purpose and condition in which they ...
    Posted Jun 16, 2018, 8:00 PM by jeffery jim
  • General Tips on Technical Paper 1 & 2 The technical papers are far from the actual exercise in weighing your ability as a great engineer with in-depth knowledge in various disciplines and good in troubleshooting technical issues; instead it is a true test to see if you are able to perform accordingly and diligently as a chartered engineer. I was wrong for I actually think the evaluation is something similar to ICE format which emphasizes on trouble shooting as a sound civil engineer. Not in this case and not within the provided time limit.Therefore, it is best for all senior engineers to prepare themselves with the basic of engineering design which can be executed manually. The drawbacks for many experienced engineers in this exam will be ...
    Posted Jun 16, 2018, 9:23 AM by jeffery jim
  • Part B - Examination scopes The candidates who are sitting for the Civil Engineering are expected to have sufficient knowledge and understanding of the latest relevant Acts, Regulations, By-Laws, Standards, Codes of Practices, good engineering practices in Malaysia.  There will be questions set on the application of engineering judgement and solving engineering issues in the local practice.Proficiency and good working knowledge and experience of Civil engineering practice in Malaysia covering general matter, geotechnical works, structural works and civil works as follows:(A) GENERAL MATTER (A1) Procurement & Contract (Pre and Post) administration(A2) Regulatory practice and submission procedure for civil engineers         (a) "Street, Drainage & Building Act" and the Uniform Building By Law Malaysia (UBBL) where it pertains to the civil engineer as:            (i) submitting ...
    Posted Jan 13, 2018, 9:45 AM by jeffery jim
Showing posts 1 - 5 of 7. View more »

PE Interview Guide

  • Professional Engineer - What to capture in your log book By now, if you are a Graduate Engineer; you have a log book with you which you need to fill. Many young greenhorns asked me what to jolt inside this log book. A log book is merely a diary which you need to show to your mentor or sponsor what you have learned for each month. It is an essential 'diary' which tracks and records your finding(s) at work.The main thing you need to capture in a log book are special events which somehow increased your understanding of engineering and construction work, anything that shows some progress in your learning curve. Moreover, you need to capture lesson learned or diagnosis-prognosis or postmortem. That is the key to ...
    Posted Aug 15, 2019, 5:45 PM by jeffery jim
  • Career path meets professional engineer accreditation There are several career routes available for those who are interested to be a professional engineer in Malaysia. Many fresh graduates are in cross-road when it comes to career path, especially those who are in civil engineering. Before you greenhorns go out and seek for a job, it is best to consider the experiences you could amass in the next three (3) years. The minimum requirement in order to be qualified as a PEI candidate, one have to fulfill twelve (12) months of site supervision and another twelve (12) months in design office. The current Form IEM/PI allows candidate to spread their experience in man-month basis in Section 12 which is divided into 5 groups; D1 to ...
    Posted Jun 23, 2018, 7:31 AM by jeffery jim
Showing posts 1 - 2 of 2. View more »

Undergraduate Career and Employment Guide

  • The Ultimate Challenge of a Structural Engineer The ultimate challenges of a structural engineer is never about the design - even if it is 100 storeys high. Everything we have today are empirically available for basic calculation. In addition to that, we have finite element method (FEM) to calculate all complicated structures and situation and we can even model extreme weathers manually and software.There is one particular thing that have been the Achilles heel to most design and it have nothing to do with design but the preparation for materials where many structural engineers have left it as assumed figure or value. The problem with materials are usually not single material or metal alloy; it is usually about matrices or compounds such as soil and concrete. These ...
    Posted Sep 6, 2021, 2:32 AM by jeffery jim
  • MBA is pointless in business and as a Leader? This is one of the many comments I got after completing my MBA. It started with Google and Apple organizations before Facebook told the world that they need people who are talented, not with MBA. Then the hyped bugs catched everyone who have gut to say it is pointless program. What is sad, these people have no proper education and think that experience matters the most.2. It is true, MBA is a general masters degree which will not teach you anything specific because your degree is the one that determined your specific career and niche market you are embarking. Some hustled their way and made a specific trade their niche market for exploitation and joyfully labeled themselves as entrepreneurs ...
    Posted Sep 6, 2021, 2:28 AM by jeffery jim
  • Engineering Education - A Scam? Every education program have their own ups and downs. Failure of graduates to secure a proper job or career is due to his own doings. That person failed to embark on continuous learning at work or academic of his discipline. He failed to secure himself a guru or a mentor to guide himself. He have too much pride to be humble enough or purely out of obstinacy being a dumb twat. l coached many engineers and professionals in construction industry. They are doing well and they are happy. Even assistant professors are doing their sabbatical with me. I also guide those in finance and business industry in entrepreneurship as well as in politics in the last state election. They all ...
    Posted Sep 6, 2021, 2:27 AM by jeffery jim
  • Structural Integrity & Investigation Many engineers asked me what is the hardest discipline in civil and structural engineering. The answer is quite easy, everything is very hard to masters within the period of 5 years. But if you insist on a single answer, it would be structural integrity and investigation which is required for professional diagnosis and prognosis of a degraded or dilapidated structure.This particular discipline is the mother of all disciplines in civil and structural engineering. It involves relevant interpretations in material science, construction method, and others which answer evidences retrieved and tell-tale signs. Further to that it involves all sort of perspectives during planning, execution, testing and reporting. There is no definite answer but it involves learned estimation in order ...
    Posted Jul 20, 2019, 7:43 AM by jeffery jim
  • Fresh Graduate's Resume I hope this article benefits students, diploma or degree or even master’s degree graduates especially in engineering course or program. It is definitely absurd to write proper curricular vitae (CV) or worst, a resume when you are a fresh graduate. Forget about tailoring words and phrases which hot-sell yourself like some in LinkedIn; you don’t even have anything to offer except for your result in an academic transcript.I saw a lot of online resume templates after all these years as I give career talks around, from the old school dot-your-‘I’s-and-cross-your-‘t’s to modern minimalist infographic styled. None of these formats is wrong and none of these formats is a ...
    Posted Jul 20, 2019, 7:40 AM by jeffery jim
Showing posts 1 - 5 of 11. View more »