Malaysia Construction Services (MSC) has been in the construction industry and built environment since 2009, and we have served construction companies in various disciplines as well as providing professional services to design consultants with highly specialized design, reports as well as literature that formed part of the design philosophy.

Apart from spearheading highly specialized designs, MSC is taking another leap forward by providing some basic notes on Professional Engineer (PE) interview and  Professional Engineer with Practicing Certificate (PEPC) examination. Our sincere contribution is part of our Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) scheme to virtually assist freshly graduates and young engineers to achieve their goal as professional engineer. This is a tribute to all senior engineers who assisted us through our journey and hopefully this legacy will continue to aspire future generation in seeking for knowledge more than personal wealth.

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Recent Reviews

  • How to Read British Standards (BS) I spent the whole afternoon drilling my proteges about all parts of BS1377. It is hard to read BS continuously and during my varsity years, I can hardly read more than 2 to 3 pages in one seating. Most of the time, I will doze off and that made it almost impossible to understand things and pass design subjects. 2. The thing about BS is its nature which goes in point format and dull, unlike American codes which usually in paragraphs and narratives for clearer understanding. Eurocodes are much easier to read as they are in paragraphs with better narrative(s). Nevertheless, every engineer needs to understand the fundamental concepts and rely on these in order to perform their duties ...
    Posted May 10, 2022, 6:27 PM by jeffery jim
  • Pile Integrity Test This is a very informative video about Low Strain Impact Integrity Test although there are several (5 types to be exact based on ASTM). Out of these five, most time we will utilize two specific types of test which are High Strain Impact or PDA and Crosshole Sonic Logging. I prefer both of these tests than the rest. The followings are addendum about this video which one can benefit when monitoring bored pile or casted pile at site.Pile Driving Analyzer (PDA) displays the same wave as per low strain in the graph in order to check pile's integrity and/or impedance. For starters, impedance of a pile can be defined as follows. "Change in impedance is related to ...
    Posted May 8, 2022, 6:08 PM by jeffery jim
  • What triggered such cracks? I saw this article and it is quite intriguing where some comments which were made by readers are controversial. Whose fault is it when there are such cracks grazing around the end of the beam? Is it the contractor, consultant or client?2. Most of the comment made directed such structural failure to consultant. It is definitely convenient as it renders a perspective where cracks triggered when there is lack of reinforcement bar (stirrup or nominal links) at the said area. This led to the reaction of beam(s) under duress and sheared under loads (sic). This is most probable scenario for most structural engineers when they look at this particular photo in the first place. Is it really the ...
    Posted May 8, 2022, 6:05 PM by jeffery jim
  • Is this something one must consider when constructing a pool beside a residential property? The answer is partially true and depends on the ground condition. As a professional engineer, I am less worry about the foundation. I am worry about the swimming pool instead. Let me explain.The reason why it is highlighted that an excavation can trigger settlement or partial settlement to the property is due to bearing capacity of the soil. For those who understand geotechnical engineering, settlement issue is less likely to occur in most commercial properties in Malaysia. Most properties are resting on piles and hence there will be slight reduction for skin friction of the pile. In case the property is sitting on end bearing pile, this is less likely to be a worry at all. Issue about lack ...
    Posted May 8, 2022, 6:04 PM by jeffery jim
  • EXTENSION OF TIME: WHAT IS NEXT? Extension of Time (EOT) in construction industry is an added time which was granted by the Client after scrutinizing incidents which have contributed directly and require extended time for the contractor to complete a project with or without variation to the contract price. There are several prerequisite criteria which a contractor must conform in order to be grated EOT and in certain projects, EOT can be granted multiple of time. In my past project, Client (Oil & Gas MNC) have to award me one and a half year EOT, however granted me only six months due to other constraints which I will not name here.2. Planning is divided into two criteria; technical project planning and tactical project planning. Both of ...
    Posted May 8, 2022, 6:02 PM by jeffery jim
  • BS EN 1504: Product and Systems for the Protection and Repair of Concrete Structures (Part 2) In my previous article, I wrote about the introduction to BS EN 1504 and the two categories of principals which involve concrete (Principal 1 to 6) and reinforcement bars (Principal 7 to 11). The followings are details about each principal for better understanding when selecting the appropriate prognosis based on analyses conducted from diagnostic procedures. Principal 1: Protection against aggressive substance. This principals highlights the need to have proper protection against aggressive substances or substrates such as chloride from seawater, chlorine from swimming pool, gasses in factories and corrosive environment, and other chemicals from direct physical contact. Substantial cracks allow these substances to infiltrate and existing pores from high water cement ratio and hydration process will allow deeper penetration and ...
    Posted May 8, 2022, 6:00 PM by jeffery jim
  • BS EN 1504: Product and Systems for the Protection and Repair of Concrete Structures (Part 1) Reinforced concrete structures are one of the most durable and robust structures around us where cement and concrete history can be traced to early civilizations. Cementitious compounds or substrates have been use as mortar for the Great Wall of China and other structures in early Chinese civilization. The Romans initiated the use of concrete for superstructures before the Chinese and specialized in marine concrete which can set underwater. The use of concrete among the Greeks are less prolific than the Romans. Modern day cement was invented in 1824 by Joseph Aspadin and this cement is known as Portland cement.2. Although it is generally accepted that concrete is robust and durable, the main issue with the use of reinforced concrete ...
    Posted May 8, 2022, 5:59 PM by jeffery jim
  • RM50,000 Jetty - Why not concrete? I get this kind of question early in the morning. Well, I can explain it easily to those who are eager to learn and not make judgment like every learned people. Why don't JKR Sarawak use concrete instead as this is a cheaper option?2. For those who are not familiar with construction, they may not know properties of this particular wood as we are now living in an era with soft wood being use for our furniture. It is understandable why many feels that this is an overspending exercise and to certain extend thought there is a misconduct or misappropriation by certain parties. Let me guide you to understand things that are factual.3. Wood properties. As I ...
    Posted May 8, 2022, 5:53 PM by jeffery jim
  • MS 146: Hot Rolled Steel Bars for the Reinforcement of Concrete Many civil & structural engineers in the industry have yet to fully comprehend the need to inspect reinforcement bars before construction use. It is commonly known that most QAQC engineer will only cross check the Purchase Order to the Mill Certificate provided during offloading. But what is the essential checking before a delivery is deemed acceptable for use and compliance to the standard specification?2. After close to 8 years since MS 146:2014 being introduced, not many fully understood the actual requirements for reinforcement periodical checking and in-situ checking. The typical requirement would be the sampling of specimens for every 30 tons of each size and each manufacturer as required by Inspection and Test Plan, JKR Standard Specification for ...
    Posted May 8, 2022, 5:50 PM by jeffery jim
  • Local Standards and Specifications A few days ago, a friend talked about a general statement which I find quite a common paradigm or paradox among local engineers. It existed in the ecosystem of engineering locally, I can certainly refer this as a dogma. It always come to my attention that local engineers always use a getaway card when confronted with their ability in determining the adaptability of foreign standards and specifications in local setting. The most irresponsible reason for a quick getaway card is to blame their alma mater for not teaching so. This renders that particular individual’s qualities – complacent, ignorant, irresponsible and to a certain degree; obstinate! This happened not only in the private sector but also within the government bodies and ...
    Posted Apr 3, 2022, 9:19 PM by jeffery jim
Showing posts 1 - 10 of 132. View more »

PEPC Exam - General Paper Notes

  • Sabah Enactments and Ordinances SABAH ENACTMENTSCountry Land Utilization Ordinance 1962Cultural Heritage (Conservation) Enactment 1997Drainage and Irrigation Ordinance 1956Environment Protection Enactment 2002Forest (Constitution of Forest Reserves and Amendment) Enactment 1984Highway OrdinanceHousing and Town Development Authority Enactment 1981Housing Development (Control and Licensing) Enactment 1978Land (Subsidiary Title) Enactment 1972Land Acquisition OrdinanceLocal Government Ordinance 1961Mineral Enactment 1999Mining Ordinance 1960Park Enactment 1984Park and Harbour Enactment 2002Public Health Ordinance 1960Railway OrdinanceSabah Land Development Board Enactment 1981Town and Country Planning OrdinanceWildlife Conservation Enactment 1997Under Local Government Ordinance 1961The Kota Kinabalu Municipal Council (Earthworks) By-Laws 1987The Kota Kinabalu Municipal Council (Planting) By-Laws 1982Kota Kinabalu Municipal Council ...
    Posted Jun 16, 2018, 7:08 PM by jeffery jim
  • Juridicial Acts ACT 56 Evidence Act 1950 An Act to define the law of evidence.ACT 67 Civil Law Act 1956 An Act relating to the civil law to be administered in Malaysia.ACT 88 Official Secrets Act 1972 An Act to revise and consolidate the law relating to the protection of official secrets.ACT 91 Courts of Judicature Act 1964 An act relating to the superior Courts of Judicature.ACT 92 Subordinate Courts Act 1948 An Act relating to the inferior courts in Peninsular Malaysia.Section 1(2) This Act shall not apply to Sabah and Sarawak.ACT 345 Criminal Justice Act 1953* An Act relating to penal servitude, methods of imprisonment and whipping; and for purposes connected therewith. Section 1 ...
    Posted Jun 16, 2018, 7:06 PM by jeffery jim
  • Employment and Management Act ACT 4 Employees’ Social Security Act 1969 An Act to provide social security in certain contingencies and to make provision for certain other matters in relation to it. ACT 53 Income Tax Act 1967 An Act for the imposition of income tax.ACT 62 Audit Act 1957 An Act to make provision for the audit of the accounts of the Federation, of the States and of certain the authorities and specified bodies.ACT 64 Sales Tax Act 1972 An Act to make provision for the charging, levying and collecting of sales tax.ACT 135 Partnership Act 1961 An Act relating to partnership.ACT 155 Immigration Act 1959/63 An Act relating to immigration. *This Act applies throughout Malaysia subject to ...
    Posted Jun 16, 2018, 7:06 PM by jeffery jim
  • Supplementary Acts ACT 117 Architects Act 1967 An Act to provide for the registration of architects, sole proprietorships, partnerships and bodies corporate providing architectural consultancy services, interior designers and building draughtsmen and matters connected therewith.ACT 120 Government Contracts Act 1949 An Act for the making of contracts on behalf of the Government, and the Governments of the States, and for matters connected therewith.ACT 129 Geological Survey Act 1974 An Act to regulate and control geological surveys, to establish geological archives and to provide for matters incidental thereto.ACT 136 Contracts Act 1950 An Act relating to contracts.ACT 207 Explosive Act 1957 An Act relating to the manufacture, use, sale, storage, transport, import and export of explosives.ACT 231 Highway ...
    Posted Jun 16, 2018, 7:04 PM by jeffery jim
  • Acts related to other engineering ACT 341 Fire Services Act 1988An Act to make necessary provision for the effective and efficient functioning of the Fire and Rescue Department, for the protection of persons and property from fire risks and for purposes connected therewith. Section 1(2) This Act shall come into operation on a date to be appointed by the Minister by notification in the Gazette; and different dates may be appointed for the coming into operation of this Act, or of different provisions of this Act, in Peninsular Malaysia, Sabah and Sarawak respectively.ACT 447 Electricity Supply Act 1990An Act to provide for the regulation of the electricity supply industry, the supply of electricity at reasonable prices, the licensing of any electrical ...
    Posted Jun 16, 2018, 7:03 PM by jeffery jim
Showing posts 1 - 5 of 20. View more »

PEPC Exam - Civil Engineering Paper Notes

  • Theory of Structure - Questions Most of the time, some of the basics or fundamentals in regard to theory of structure will be tested and gauged in both objective and subjective paper. For objective paper, most of the questions require you to demonstrate understanding and solve simple equations and key concepts. As for key concept, it is always about the likely shape of a diagram or a graph correspond to the question. Usually objective paper requires an efficiency of answering each question in 2.5 minutes. Hence, all possible questions are those questions which require around 5 minutes without proper training or skill.The following paper is the subjective paper. If theory structure is one of the main questions, it evolves around a few other ...
    Posted Jul 24, 2019, 9:41 AM by jeffery jim
  • BS1377 Methods of Test for Soils for Civil Engineering Purposes BS1277: 1990 consist of 9 Parts: Part 1: General requirements and sample preparation; Part 2: Classification tests; Part 3: Chemical and electro-chemical tests; Part 4: Compaction-related tests; Part 5: Compressibility, permeability and durability tests; Part 6: Consolidation and permeability tests in hydraulic cells and with pore pressure measurement; Part 7: Shear strength tests (total stress); Part 8: Shear strength tests (effective stress); Part 9: In-situ tests.   3.1.1 Part 1. General requirements and sample preparation Part 1 of this standard contains general information relating to the tests, common calibration and specification requirements and general requirements for testing laboratories and field work. It also includes details of procedures for the preparation of disturbed and undisturbed samples, where ...
    Posted Jun 16, 2018, 8:07 PM by jeffery jim
  • UBBL Part 5 - Structural Requirements The followings are comments for structural requirements as per Part 5 of the UBBL versus in-place British Standards.Part 5 By-law 53: Building materialsParagraph (1) Any material used –(a) In the erection of a building;(b) In the structural alteration or extension of a building;(c) In the execution of works of the installation of fittings, being works or fittings to which any provision of these By-laws applies or (d) For the backfilling of any excavation on a site in connection with any building or works or fittings to which any provision of these By-laws applies shall be(aa) of a suitable nature and quality in relation to the purpose and condition in which they ...
    Posted Jun 16, 2018, 8:00 PM by jeffery jim
  • General Tips on Technical Paper 1 & 2 The technical papers are far from the actual exercise in weighing your ability as a great engineer with in-depth knowledge in various disciplines and good in troubleshooting technical issues; instead it is a true test to see if you are able to perform accordingly and diligently as a chartered engineer. I was wrong for I actually think the evaluation is something similar to ICE format which emphasizes on trouble shooting as a sound civil engineer. Not in this case and not within the provided time limit.Therefore, it is best for all senior engineers to prepare themselves with the basic of engineering design which can be executed manually. The drawbacks for many experienced engineers in this exam will be ...
    Posted Jun 16, 2018, 9:23 AM by jeffery jim
  • Part B - Examination scopes The candidates who are sitting for the Civil Engineering are expected to have sufficient knowledge and understanding of the latest relevant Acts, Regulations, By-Laws, Standards, Codes of Practices, good engineering practices in Malaysia.  There will be questions set on the application of engineering judgement and solving engineering issues in the local practice.Proficiency and good working knowledge and experience of Civil engineering practice in Malaysia covering general matter, geotechnical works, structural works and civil works as follows:(A) GENERAL MATTER (A1) Procurement & Contract (Pre and Post) administration(A2) Regulatory practice and submission procedure for civil engineers         (a) "Street, Drainage & Building Act" and the Uniform Building By Law Malaysia (UBBL) where it pertains to the civil engineer as:            (i) submitting ...
    Posted Jan 13, 2018, 9:45 AM by jeffery jim
Showing posts 1 - 5 of 7. View more »

PE Interview Guide

  • Professional Engineer - What to capture in your log book By now, if you are a Graduate Engineer; you have a log book with you which you need to fill. Many young greenhorns asked me what to jolt inside this log book. A log book is merely a diary which you need to show to your mentor or sponsor what you have learned for each month. It is an essential 'diary' which tracks and records your finding(s) at work.The main thing you need to capture in a log book are special events which somehow increased your understanding of engineering and construction work, anything that shows some progress in your learning curve. Moreover, you need to capture lesson learned or diagnosis-prognosis or postmortem. That is the key to ...
    Posted Aug 15, 2019, 5:45 PM by jeffery jim
  • Career path meets professional engineer accreditation There are several career routes available for those who are interested to be a professional engineer in Malaysia. Many fresh graduates are in cross-road when it comes to career path, especially those who are in civil engineering. Before you greenhorns go out and seek for a job, it is best to consider the experiences you could amass in the next three (3) years. The minimum requirement in order to be qualified as a PEI candidate, one have to fulfill twelve (12) months of site supervision and another twelve (12) months in design office. The current Form IEM/PI allows candidate to spread their experience in man-month basis in Section 12 which is divided into 5 groups; D1 to ...
    Posted Jun 23, 2018, 7:31 AM by jeffery jim
Showing posts 1 - 2 of 2. View more »

Undergraduate Career and Employment Guide

  • The Journey of a Young Engineer This is a story of a young bridge engineer whom I have known for more than three years. I got to know Awang when we was doing his industrial training under project delivery partner while I was the resident engineer for a highway project. He studied at International Islamic University Malaysia and at that time I am surprised and taken aback as this is my first encounter with civil engineering undergraduates from such university. Nevertheless, I don't have any bias except for curiosity about his ability to cope as he is not from universities with great background in engineering.2. He was a bit reserved and since he is not directly under my apprenticeship, I cannot work much with ...
    Posted May 8, 2022, 6:13 PM by jeffery jim
  • Actuarial Science As we usher into Industrial Revolution 4.0 (IR4.0), we used to hear about the potential of human loosing their job to computers. How true is this claim?Certainly not true. Only jobs which are routine in nature without much analytical methodologies will suffer under this scenario. Marketing cannot be replaced with software, logarithm, programming and artificial intelligence. IR4.0 is loaded with intelligence where the center or nexus of processing is based on the axis of information. Human and their humane properties are totally different cases. What lacks in IR4.0 is the allocation of intelligence related to emotional, creativity and adversity which are among the different quotient dimensions.That is why big data which is the current ...
    Posted May 8, 2022, 5:57 PM by jeffery jim
  • Geotechnical Engineering Basics for Young Civil & Structural (C&S) Engineers Today, I spent some time with young civil and structural engineering graduates. The followings are some of my advises I gave and probably some of you can benefit from these.2. Young C&S engineers are clueless about their career path, whether to specialized in structure design, civil engineering, geotechnical engineering, hydrology and et cetera. Most would just follow the flow and accept what is offered to them and make the best out of it. It seems like a norm like many other career where specialization will take place after one is comfortable and willing to further excel in certain field or discipline. In my opinion, the best way to move forward is to understand challenges of each field and ...
    Posted May 8, 2022, 5:55 PM by jeffery jim
  • Great Businesses when You Forsake Your Education? The recent development about seventeen thousand students who dropped out from their tertiary education is alarming and around 5 thousand suspended their study for no reason. At the same time, with the gig economy allows many graduates to divert from their initial career and involved on all other works and jobs for better income. In certain cases, some of them believe that they would survive when venturing in business and forsake their education or what they have studies in their diploma and/or degree program. Is it worth it?What is a great business? This is a typical question many ask and wonder. It is also the money pit to scam the money out of you with worthless self-empowerment ...
    Posted Mar 17, 2022, 10:42 PM by jeffery jim
  • Technical Report Dear academicians,I have been getting queries and requests by many engineering students about technical reports. Frankly, I am disappointed and students can be resentful in such predicament. It is admirable that students are requested to initiate moves to be very close to the industry but please understand one thing. Have empathy and sympathy on them.It is not right to leave them with small scale assignment and request them to duplicate what the industry is doing by leaving them astray like headless chickens. I pity them and I wish I could help them but before doing so, let me be very clear with this issue.An academician or a mentor should be guiding and teaching their apprentices with dedication ...
    Posted Mar 17, 2022, 10:20 PM by jeffery jim
Showing posts 1 - 5 of 17. View more »