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Epoxy Resins & PU Resins - Injection Method

Resin injection is used to repair concrete which is cracked or delaminated and to seal cracks in concrete to water leakage. Two basic types of resin and injection techniques are used to repair Reclamation concrete.

Epoxy Resins

Epoxy resins cure to form solids with high strength and relatively high moduli of elasticity. These materials bond readily to concrete and are capable, when properly applied, of restoring the original structural strength to cracked concrete. The high modulus of elasticity causes epoxy resin systems to be unsuitable for rebonding cracked concrete that will undergo subsequent movement.

Epoxy resin has been used to seal cracks in concrete to waterflow. The epoxies,  however, do not cure very quickly, particularly at low temperatures, and using them to stop large flows of water may not be practical. Cracks to be injected with epoxy resins should be between 0.005 inch and 0.25 inch in width. It is difficult or impossible to inject resin into cracks less than 0.005 inch in width, while it is very difficult to retain injected epoxy resin in cracks greater than 0.25 inch in width, although high viscosity epoxies have been used with some success.

Epoxy resins cure to form relatively brittle materials with bond strengths exceeding the shear or tensile strength of the concrete. If these materials are used to rebond cracked concrete that is subsequently exposed to loads exceeding the tensile or shear strength of the concrete, it should be expected that the cracks will recur adjacent to the epoxy bond line. In other words, epoxy resin should not be used to rebond "working" cracks.

Polyurethane Resins.
Polyurethane resins are used to seal and eliminate (waterproofing) or reduce water leakage from concrete cracks and joints. They can also be injected into cracks that experience some small degree of movement. Such systems, with the exception of the two-part solid polyurethanes, have relatively low strengths and should not be used to structurally rebond cracked concrete. Cracks to be injected with polyurethane resin should not be less than 0.005 inch in width. No upper limit on crack width has been established for the polyurethane resins at the time this is being written.

Polyurethane resins are available with substantial variation in their physical properties. Some of the polyurethanes cure into flexible foams. Other polyurethane systems cure to semiflexible, high density solids that can be used to rebond concrete cracks subject to movement. Most of the foaming polyurethane resins require some form of water to initiate the curing reaction and are, thus, a natural selection for use in repairing concrete exposed to water or in wet environments.

Nevertheless, the usage of epoxy and PU resins usually are rather confusing and at most time it may seem to be less effective and a wastage to applicators when there is no proper investigation conducted. In this case, it would be appropriate for you to contact us, MCS, to conduct studies and provide consultation prior to application to ensure these resins are the right solutions to your problems.